The history of threads // A cérnahasználat története
There have been outstanding inventions throughout history that have played an important role for humanity in the development of civilization. Among these essential items is one of the simplest, the sewing thread. Ever since man began to wear leather as clothing, thread has become an essential yet indispensable article that is still used in all clothing making today.
The need for thread arose thousands of years ago when man first began making clothes from animal skins. Initially, very thin strips of animal skin were used to secure the various leather shapes from which protective clothing was made. Eventually, they also realized that the fiber in many plants could be utilized in the same way. This discovery led to the current use of the thread.
The tribes who learned to grow and harvest plants were the first to start experimenting with plant fibers, making a new kind of yarn. The Egyptians discovered how different plants could be used to make yarn, and by mixing them with animal hair, different variations were made. They and the Phoenicians played a pioneering role in the use of berries and plant materials in the production of colored and long-lasting thread dyes. The Chinese and Japanese also discovered the beauties of silk fibers woven as fiber and produced as fabric. The ancient people then learned how to make fibers from animal wool and to create yarn by spinning the fibers. This process became the basis of today's thread production.
Throughout history, yarn has been used in countless ways to make garments and other necessary items, as well as to decorate fabrics. It has become an essential and even valuable article. The development of civilizations has brought many refinements in clothing and ornaments, including the spinning and dyeing of yarns. Royal families and nobles used gold-braided threads to create and decorate their fabrics and valuable upholstery, which they wore as status symbols. Fiber, along with fabrics, clothes, and objects made with it, has become a defining part of everyday life and has remained so ever since.
There are at least two historical heights of sewing thread. In the Middle Ages, the development of transportation, wool production and processing, and the opening of the Silk Road to Asia provided fertile ground for the flourishing of woven tapestries and handicrafts.
During the Industrial Revolution, in the 17th - 18th centuries thread production moved from domestic family businesses to factories equipped with high-speed machines. Machine construction resulted in a more uniform thread with fewer defects. Direct results included the production of stronger yarn, truer colors and a wider range of yarn for a variety of uses.
Modern thread has come a long way in history, although the basic technique has remained the same. The fine strands are twisted together and braided into a single circular thread, similarly a yarn is braided together from several strands. Today, thread fibers are made from a number of natural materials such as cotton, silk and certain wools, or synthetic materials such as polyester, nylon and other artificial materials. They are made in different thicknesses and can be painted in different colors, so the variations are suitable for many purposes.
The thread is an ordinary tool, yet it has played an important role throughout history. Whether it’s sewing by hand or machine, creating any piece of clothing would be unthinkable without the right thread. With endless types and colors, thread is the most basic of all sewing supplies that has been indispensable since initial civilization.